Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2 or G (Latin name Riboflavin - riboflavin,  lactoflavin) is an easily absorbed yellow substance, a co-enzyme of various biochemical processes in the body that performs a key function in maintaining the health of people and animals.


    Physical properties of the compound:
    • has a yellow-orange color, a bitter taste
    • stable in an acidic environment
    • tolerates heat well (melting point reaches 280 ° C)
    • poorly soluble in ethyl solutions, water (0.11 mg / ml at 27.5 ° C)
    • insoluble in chloroform, benzene, acetone, Diethyl ether
    • collapses in alkaline solutions
    • decomposes under the influence of UV radiation.

    vitamin b2 in food

    Despite the instability in Alkali, riboflavin is slightly reduced by the addition of hydrogen to the double bond site. These properties of vitamin B 2 (oxidation and reduction) are the basis of the flow of cell metabolism.

    The structural formula of riboflavin is C17H20N4O6.

    Let's look at the physico-chemical properties, meaning, signs and consequences of the complex deficit in detail, how to fill the shortage that is contained, instructions for use (daily rate).
    Overview

    Who discovered riboflavin?

    Synthesis of B vitamins falls in the first half of the twentieth century. However, in the research process, scientists have found that some compounds in this category are rapidly destroyed by high temperatures, while others - fully retaining their physical properties - continue active work in the body. This factor was the impetus for detailed study of the group and the separation of the "unstable" thiamine (B1) from riboflavin (B2), capable of maintaining its structure even when heated to 280 degrees.

    The history of the discovery of the heat-resistant lactoflavin molecule dates back to the late nineteenth century, when in the year 1879 the scientist Bliss first obtained a useful compound. However, the identification of the substance was delayed for 50 years. And only in 1935 did the German biochemist Richard Kuhn synthesize vital powder in pure form, necessary for the proper functioning of the human body and animals.

    The name of vitamin B2 directly depends on the source of the compound:
    • verdoflavin (from plants)
    • lactoflavin (from milk)
    • ovoflavin (egg white)
    • hepatoflavin (from the liver)
    A distinctive feature of group B vitamins is the Porto yellow color which characterizes urine with a distinctive tone.

    The base of the riboflavin molecule is the iso-distribution-saccharine (heterocyclic compound) nucleus that contains the peripheral alcohol ribitol.

    Vitamin B2 can be synthesized in the kidneys, liver, tissues of the human body, healthy intestinal microflora. The positive effect of riboflavin is enhanced by thiamine (B1).

    In the food industry, vitamin B2 is used as a food coloring (E101).

    The role of riboflavin

    riboflavin definition
    The substance is actively involved in the flow of energy processes, helping the body break down sugar. Vitamin b2 in combination with protein, phosphoric acid, in the presence of macronutrients (in particular, magnesium), produces the production of enzymes necessary for the metabolism of saccharides, oxygen transport.

    Together with compound B9, riboflavin is involved in the development of bone marrow blood cells, and with B1 it helps to improve iron absorption.



    What Is vitamin B2 benefits?


    Riboflavin controls the nervous, digestive, circulatory, cardiovascular systems. In addition, the benefit of Vitamin B1 is that it minimizes the harmful effects of toxins on the organs of the respiratory system, improves the absorption of oxygen from the hair, nails and skin cells, increases longevity, is involved in the synthesis of hormones, enzymes , contributes to the normal course of pregnancy and the proper positioning of the fetal organs.

    Nervous:
    • prevents cataracts
    • improves lens focus, adjusts eyes in the dark
    • strengthens the dream
    • relieves stress
    • prevents mental disorders
    • improves metabolism in nerve tissue
    • reduces pathological excitability
    • eliminates eye strain
    Cardiovascular, circulatory:
    • prevents blood clots (expels blood)
    • expands blood vessels (struggles with the development of hypertension)
    • acts as a necessary element for the synthesis of antibodies, blood cells
    • it participates in the process of building energy substrates, ensuring the normal functioning of the heart.
    Digestive:
    • facilitates the process of absorption of intestinal fat;
    • accelerates the conversion of B6 to biologically active form;
    • improves liver function;
    • protects gastric mucosa, stomach from mechanical, bacterial damage;
    • accelerates metabolism;
    • involved in BJU metabolism, as well as tryptophan, which in turn is converted to niacin under the influence of riboflavin.
    At the same time, the presence of riboflavin and protein in the diet contributes to wound healing and tissue repair after injury.
    vitamin b2 deficiency symptoms and indications for use
    vitamin b2 deficiency

    The best clinical manifestations of vitamin B2 deficiency are studied in experimental animals. According to research, scientists have found that the lack of riboflavin in the animal body leads to the accumulation of lipid peroxidation (POP) products in the blood and the development of atherosclerosis, cataract. These disorders confirm the key function of flavoproteins in the degradation of LPO products and molecular mechanisms of synthesis.

    Symptoms of vitamin b2 deficiency (moderate hypovitaminosis):
    • inflammation of the lips, tongue;
    • headaches;
    • oppression;
    • inhibition of thinking;
    • increased photosensitivity;
    • loss of appetite;
    • lack of coordination;
    • weakness;
    • exhaustion;
    • rash, burning sensation or icy skin;
    • twilight vision disorder, eye pain;
    • bleeding lips;
    • exfoliation of the whole body.
    Signs of severe hypovitaminosis B2:
    • nervous system dysfunction;
    • hair loss (baldness);
    • thyroid disorder;
    • irritability;
    • seborrheic nasal dermatitis;
    • slow mental response;
    • generalized rash;
    • anemia;
    • inflammation of the skin;
    • damaged iron absorption;
    • defects in the digestive tract;
    • insomnia;
    • angular stomatitis;
    • heart muscle weakness;
    • conjunctivitis, blepharitis, cataract;
    • increased corneal vascularization;
    • reduced body weight in children;
    • growth retardation in adolescents.

    Indications for use of the compound:
    • thyrotoxicosis;
    • eye diseases;
    • rheumatism;
    • hypo and ariboflavinosis;
    • working with salts of heavy metals, toxic substances;
    • hemalopia;
    • radiation sickness;
    • asthenia;
    • circulatory insufficiency;
    • long healing wounds;
    • Botkin's disease;
    • conjunctivitis, cataract;
    • enterocolitis, chronic hepatitis, colitis, cirrhosis of the liver;
    • pruritic dermatosis, eczema;
    • corneal clouds;
    • hypotophia, anemia, leukemia;
    • intestinal dysfunction;
    • red acne, candidiasis, neurodermatitis, photodermatosis.
    why does the body need vitamin b2?
    For therapeutic purposes, Vitamin B2 is additionally used for: burns illness, frostbite, phototherapy, chronic hypoxia, excess / lack of carbohydrates, during acute infectious disease.

    Contraindications for use of riboflavin-nephrolithiasis, hypersensitivity.

    The human body is unable to accumulate the compound, so its overdose (hypervitaminosis) is a rare phenomenon that occurs only by the introduction or consumption of synthetic vitamin in large quantities, several times higher than normal.

    In this case, the excess substance is excreted in the urine, but the risk of the following reactions from the body increases:
    • local itching;
    • allergic rash;
    • tearing of eyes;
    • burning at the site of intramuscular administration;
    • blurred vision;
    • stiffness of the limbs;
    • high blood pressure;
    • kidney disorders.
    The daily rate of riboflavin for the normal flow of metabolic processes in the body depends on the physiological state, physical activity, nutrition and the human age.
    For adult men, this figure is 1.6 - 1.8 milligrams / day, for women - 1.2 - 1.3, for teens - 1.4 - 1.8, for pregnant women - 2, for nursing mothers - 2 , 2, for infants - 0.4 - 0.6. The daily need for riboflavin for athletes, hard-working workers is increasing to Unit 2, for people whose diet is high in protein products - to UNUMCS units.

    Causes of riboflavin deficiency

    Causes of riboflavin deficiency
    Proper metabolic processes involve the transformation of vitamin B 2 into FAD and FMN coenzymes. However, some substances slow down this metabolism. Along with this, the lack of nutrients in food, in 80% of cases, leads to a reduction in the rate of biochemical reactions.
    Reasons for B2 Decrease in the Body:
    1. Outdoor cooking. As the solubility of riboflavin increases upon heating, the release of "consumed" liquid at the end of cooking results in a loss of 50 - 60% of the active substance. Minimal cooking of water under a tightly closed lid will help maintain nutrients in the water.
    2. Sunshine. Products left on 2 or more of the window lose 40 - 50% of useful links.
    3. Long storage or thawing. The container placed in the refrigerator at 11 o'clock is completely devoid of riboflavin. When storing frozen products, the daily loss of vitamin B2 does not exceed 1%.
    4. Incorrect vitamin intake. The biological role of the substance, when consumed on an empty stomach, reduces it 2 to 3 times. Therefore, it is important to take lactoflavin during or immediately after a meal.
    5. Heavy alkaline solutions containing nutrients (lemon juice, whey, milk) cause "death" of beneficial substances.

    Vitamin b2 sources

    Today, Group B pharmaceuticals containing a daily intake of nutrients are sold. However, to meet the daily needs of riboflavin, nutritionists recommend injecting it with products of natural origin, since the use of a useful compound in synthetic pills, capsules, tablets can cause serious harm to human health in the event of overdose or ingestion. expired complex.

    Therefore, the best way to provide the body with Vitamin B2 is a properly balanced diet consisting of plant and animal ingredients.

    Think about what it is.

    The content of riboflavin in the products below means that they are environmentally friendly, grown without the use of harmful fertilizers, chemicals, antibiotics that pose a potential threat to human health.

    Table "Which foods contain vitamin B 2"
    Number p / pproductRiboflavin content in 100 g ingredient mg
    1Pine nuts88
    2Coffee liver2.2
    3Dry baking yeast3
    4Fresh Baker is yeast1.7
    5Powdered milk1,4
    6Mackerel1,4
    7Dry whey1.3
    8Dry Cream 42%0.9
    9Wheat shoots0.8
    10Cheese powder0.7
    11Almonds0.66
    12Heavy cheese0.5
    13Champions0.45
    14Chicken eggs0.45
    15Cocoa0.45
    16Milk chocolate0.45
    17Pasta0.44
    18Melange0.44
    19Beet0.43
    20Mutton language0.4
    21Processed cheese0.4
    22Truffles0.4
    23Bran0.39
    24Condensed milk 8.50.38
    25Chernushka0.38
    26Caviar of stellar sturgeon granular0.37
    27Seed sesame seeds0.36
    28Mackerel0.35
    29Beans (soy)0.31
    30broccoli0.3
    31Dried beer yeast0.3
    32Dry chili, peanuts0.3
    33Beef0.3
    34House Cheese0.3
    35Rosehip0.3
    36The lens is dry0.29
    37Dried peas0.28
    38Fresh parsley0.28
    39Lamb0.27
    40Spinach0.25
    41White cabbage0.25
    42Pork fat0.24
    43Bitter chocolate0.24
    44Wheat flour 90%0.23
    45Cauliflower cooked0.23
    46Asparagus0.23
    47Flour rye 32%0.22
    48Herring0.21
    49Beef0.19
    50Fresh green peas0.16
    51The milk is fresh0.15
    52Sour milk0.14
    53Gray on the lens0.13
    54Peanuts0.13
    55Oatmeal0.13
    56Nuts, cloves0.13
    57Black bread0.12
    58Fig0.12
    59Wheat flour 72%0.1
    60Dry dates0.1
    61Corn0.1
    62Grapes0.08
    It is clear from the list that it is not difficult to provide the family with the right amount of vitamin B2 in the family. Fortunately, riboflavin deficiency is not a dangerous phenomenon for adults as their body produces a substance in small quantities that cannot be said for teenagers. Daily nutrition for children up to 16 years, and especially up to 10 years, should consist of V2-rich products and fully cover the daily need for this nutrient. Otherwise, the deficiency of riboflavin in the growing body can lead to diseases of the nervous, digestive, cardiac system, growth retardation and the formation of pathologies in the development of internal organs.
    Including a daily meal of 500 milliliters of yogurt and 100 grams of cottage cheese / hard cheese will help meet the adult body's vitamin B2 needs almost completely.
    If anyone in the family (most often elderly or children) has cracked lips, you should include it in the daily menu of almonds (150 grams), beer yeast (100 grams) and supplementing the diet with pork or beef junk. In addition, it is recommended to include in a diet rich in beta carotene (pumpkin, carrots, blueberries, black currants, tomatoes, red peppers, apricots, persimmon, spinach, green onions, broccoli, grapefruit).

    In case of taking synthetic vitamin B2 (tablets), the compound should be consumed with meals. Otherwise, when riboflavin is taken on an empty stomach, poor absorption of nutrients occurs.

    Remember, all B vitamins are closely related. So taking one of them as a medicine increases the body's need for other compounds in this group.

    Vitamin Recipes

    vitamix soup recipes
    In summer, you fill your body with vitamin B2, supplementing the daily meal with 300 grams of raspberry, Christmas (0.05mg / 100g), blueberries (0.02mg / 100g). These edible plants are preserved for the winter by the quick-dry freeze method, rubbed with sugar, and they also prepare healthy stewed fruit and jams based on them.

    In the autumn period it is recommended to use lizards (0.02 mg / 100 g). The bushes, with proper processing, are able to maintain their nutritional properties, especially riboflavin all winter. The principle of preparation is as follows: to refine the fruits, to choose the whole and the unbeaten, then quickly rinse under low pressure of running water, pour into a jar (two or three liters), pour pre-cooked with cold water, keep cold (on the balcony) in a dark place in the drawer). On the day you need to eat 30-50 grams of fruit.

    In late autumn, after the onset of frost, berries from mountain ash, which is also a source of vitamin B 2 (0.02 mg / 100 g), should be harvested. From them to prepare a biologically active mixture. To do this, one kilogram of mountain ash fruits must be bruised, eliminated damaged (rotten). Rinse well berries (whole or broken) in running water and chop them with a blender or meat grinder, adding 300 grams of nuts or almonds. In the resulting mixture of nutrients, add 500 grams of honey collected from mountain ash, wild rose or dandelion. Mix the slurry thoroughly, place in a transparent glass container, store in refrigerator.

    Drink a vitamin mixture during the winter at 30 - 40 grams a day, drinking 100 ml of warm purified water.

    Recommendations for storing B2-rich products

    Eliminate unwanted losses of riboflavin in vegetables, meat, fish, dairy products by following the basic rules in their processing and saving.

    How to keep vitamin B2 in foods?
    1. In the choice of cottage cheese, the product should be given a soft consistency: the more serum remains in it after processing the raw material, the higher the riboflavin content.
    2. In the process of cooking potatoes and peas "give" V2 into the water, as a result, after discharge of the liquid, the finished dish is completely devoid of useful compound. Therefore, the recommended infusion cools to 30 degrees and drinks 200 milliliters / dose.
    3. You should close the lid during heat treatment. Otherwise, the oxidation of vitamins occurs and most of the biologically active components evaporate with steam.
    4. When stored in the fridge, vegetables lose 1% of the useful compound daily, and when washed under high pressure - up to 5%. Given this fact, it is not advisable to purchase products in large quantities and immerse them in water for a long time.
    5. Cook the cereals in water and only after cooking can you add warm milk to the porridge.
    6. Products containing riboflavin cannot be stored in the light, they must be removed in a dark place (box, basement, basement).
    7. It is forbidden to boil pasteurized milk.
    8. Frozen food prior to heat treatment should not be thawed, as thawing in the light leads to the loss of a fourth of the useful compound.
    9. Milk in a transparent bottle loses 2% riboflavin in light hours for 50 hours. Therefore, you should keep the product open in a dark container in the refrigerator for no more than 3 days. Otherwise, the nutrients in it evaporate, and the liquid loses most of the vitamin B2.
    10. Loss of riboflavin during product preparation is as follows: freezing - 0%, drying - 10%, quenching / frying - 25%, cooking in water - 45%, heating - 5%.
    B2's "worst enemies" are baking soda, sulfa drugs, alcohol and estrogen. These substances completely destroy the useful molecules of the compound.
    Thus, the largest amount of vitamin B 2 is contained in natural (fresh) products. However, if heat treatment is required, the ingredients (eg meat, cauliflower, leftovers) should be cooked quickly under the lid.
    Vitamin B2 as a co enzyme
    Vitamin B2 coenzyme
    In the food used, riboflavin is as a rule bound - in the composition of co-enzymes flavin adenine dinucleotide (CAD) and flavin mononucleotide (CML), which are related to proteins. When ingested, in the digestive tract, vitamin B2 is influenced by the enzymes, thereby releasing the beneficial compound and absorbing it into the small intestine. After this reaction, the reverse process begins in the tissues: the formation of co-enzyme FAD, riboflavin FMN, which are part of many enzymes.

    Which enzymes do not contain B2?

    One of the most important enzymes produced by the human body and containing riboflavin is glutathione reductase. It provides a reduction in glutathione (cellular antioxidant) after oxidation. This organic substance (tripeptide γ-glutamylcysteineglycine) plays an important role: it protects cells from the harmful effects of peroxide compounds, free radicals, contributing to the body's adaptation to adverse environmental conditions.

    When it enters the radicals, glutathione releases its electron into the active molecules, activating the compounds. At the same time, upon reaction, the tripeptide is oxidized, losing its protective beneficial properties. In order to increase the cell's antioxidant capacity, glutathione reductase restores "consumed" glutathione, returning to its functions.

    In addition, vitamin B2, as a co-enzyme, is actively involved in redox reactions. It is known that oxidative processes can cause irreversible damage to the body's cells, as a result, slowing their flow helps counteract the development of relentless cancer - cancer.

    Riboflavin is also involved in V6 exchange , folic acid, niacin, iron and is part of the coenzymes that promote BJU decomposition and their transition to energy form.

    Interaction with other substances

    Cooking a small amount of food at once (without heat treatment), putting frozen food immediately in boiling water (without first defrosting) or in an oven (in aluminum foil) will help preserve riboflavin in products as much as possible.
    Remember, absorption of vitamin B2 affects the intake of certain drugs.
    Think about the compatibility of lactoflavin and other drugs.
    1. Simultaneous intake of riboflavin, pyridoxine, vitamin K and folic acid leads to a mutual enhancement of nutrient activity.
    2. Thyroid increases the conversion rate of vitamin B2 into coenzyme compounds.
    3. Erythromycin and tetracycline increase the excretion of lactoflavin.
    4. Riboflavin, along with nicotinic acid, activates the mechanisms of detoxification of the body, thereby accelerating the output of the final metabolites of metabolism.
    5. Powerful tricyclisers (fluorothiazine, aminazine), tricyclic antidepressants (imipramine, amitriptyline) and peripheral vasodilators (hydralazine, diazoxide, minoxidil) inhibit the use of vitamin BHNUMCIS, disrupting forms of cysteine.
    6. Riboflavin increases the bioavailability of zinc.
    7. The combined intake of lactoflavin and iron leads to the accumulation and improvement of the pharmacological properties of the trace element.
    8. Neuroleptics used in depression and psychosis, especially chlorpromazine, inhibit the conversion of nutrients to a biologically active form.
    9. Spironolactone diuretic blocks vitamin B2 synthesis.
    10. Antihypertensive drugs increase the transformation of riboflavin into biologically active compounds.
    11. In the presence of boric acid, vitamin B2 is destroyed.
    Given the mechanism of action and compatibility of the drugs, it is possible to easily design an effective nutrient intake scheme and then prevent avitaminosis.

    Riboflavin during pregnancy and bodybuilding

    riboflavin in pregnancy
    The mother's body is the only "source" of nutrients for the developing fetus in the womb. Along with negative genetic factors, deficiency of essential nutrients, in 70% of cases, leads to pregnancy disorder, preterm delivery, bleeding and toxicosis. In addition, most of the diseases found in newborns are acquired during fetal development.

    Numerous scientific studies confirm the direct link between nutrient deficiencies and embryo development defects. Therefore, pregnant mothers should take supplements for organic food and multivitamin complexes.

    One of the most important nutrients during pregnancy is riboflavin (in Latin - riboflavin). Vitamin B2 is essential for the proper formation of the nervous system, muscle and bone skeleton in the developing fetus. Deficiency of this substance can lead to fetal death of the embryo, early labor, congenital abnormalities (growth retardation, skin and eye damage) in infants, reduced lactation and future seborrheic dermatitis in the future mother.

    The daily requirement for pregnant women at 2 is 1.8 - 2.1 milligrams and for nursing mothers - 1.9 - 2.5 milligrams. Do not be afraid if, on the background of vitamin intake, urine turns yellow. This phenomenon is absolutely harmless and safe for both organisms.

    Since lactoflavin is one of the major "participants" in protein metabolism, it is advisable to use it for sports and bodybuilding. Vitamin A is especially useful for professional athletes because it helps transform the energy used in muscle relaxation. In addition, the nutrient regulates the muscle's oxygen supply, which reduces the risk of hypoxia during training by half.

    Daily vitamin B2 intake for bodybuilders - 3 - 5 milligrams. The intake of dietary supplements, which contains riboflavin, increases the results of vigorous training twice.

    Effects of vitamin b2

    Effects of vitamin B2
    The mechanism of the biological action of riboflavin is to build two coenzymes involved in the synthesis of the ATP molecule and certain proteins (erythropoietin, hemoglobin, catecholamines), which are part of the body's endocrine enzymes. Along with this, vitamin B2 - a necessary "assistant" to the eyes. Protecting the retina from excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays, the nutrient is involved in the development of visual purple. At the same time, the absorption spectra of lactoflavin (maxima) lie in the region of 445, 375, 260 and 225 nanometers.
    Healing effects of vitamin B2
    1. Antihypoxic. Riboflavin supports cells for the synthesis and efficient utilization of ATP energy molecules, including disruption of tissue supply to oxygen.
    2. Adaptive trophic. Regular doses of vitamin A normalize the metabolic processes in the body and improve the functional state of the brain.
    3. Detoxification. Lactoflavin, as part of a complex liver regeneration treatment, enhances the hepatoprotective effect of herbal preparations. Therefore, the barrier, excretory and digestive functions of the organ are increased.
    4. Keratoplasty. Nutrients are used to normalize the process of keratinization of the skin, resorption of inflammatory infiltrates, restoring the normal structure of the dermis and epidermis.
    5. Anabolic. Because vitamin B2 increases the activity of enzymes in plastic energy exchange and stimulates the synthesis of protein metabolism, with increasing dose, there is a systematic increase in body mass.
    6. Neurotropic. Increasing the daily diet with foods containing lactoflavin leads to increased synthesis of neurotransmitters (serotonin, dopamine, GABA, acetylcholine) in the brain and restoration of the myelin sheaths of the nerve stems (in combination with lecithin).
    The above effects are relevant only if the daily nutrient deficiency is completely covered.

    Scientific studies conducted in 2004 by nutritionists Ruslana Pisopel and Vladimir Dadali confirm the fact that the concentration of biologically active substances in products has been significantly reduced in the last 20 years. Therefore, every day there is a need to obtain a huge amount of diverse foods. And since many vitamins, including riboflavin, cannot accumulate in the body, it is almost impossible to maintain their desired balance in the blood. Therefore, to compensate for the lack of nutrients, it is advisable to use dietary supplements in tablets, capsules or in the form of doses.

    Balanced B vitamins complexes - "Neurobion", "Neurostabil", "Vita B Plus", "Vita Escort", "Vitalbalance 2000", "B - 50". However, these drugs, besides useful substances, contain capsular shells that contain harmful ingredients: gelatin, starch dyes. The use of liquid riboflavin (in vials) will help prevent the body's adverse reaction when the individual is not tolerant of the component. The composition of the vitamin solution includes distilled water and pure lactoflavin.
    vitamin B2 Clinical application
    For the treatment of aviinosis B2, 10 milligrams of organic nutrients 3 - 5 are taken once daily (orally or parenterally). Against the backdrop of medicines, it is advisable to follow a healthy diet.

    If the mucous membranes of the mouth are full of infections, to which the infection has been associated, at the same time as treatment, topical treatment - lotions, ointments, rinses, antibiotics should be administered. However, beriberi, as an independent disease, occurs relatively rarely. More often, nutrient deficiency occurs along with other pathologies against the background of long-term microelementosis. In such cases, vitamin B2 in combination with other drugs.

    Therapeutic use of riboflavin
    Pathology of the gastrointestinal tract
    It is particularly important to use vitamin B2 in toxic lesions of the digestive organs, especially Botkin's disease. This pathology leads to liver dysfunction (carbohydrates, antitoxic, pigments) and pancreas (endore). As a result, riboflavin metabolism and blood vessel activity are inhibited. A severe course of the disease is accompanied by a sharp drop in lactoflavin in the urine.

    According to Dr. T. N. Obesity, Vitamin BNUMX, as part of the complex therapy of Botkin's disease, improves blood and urine laboratory parameters (Quik test, bilirubin level). As recovery occurs, there is an increase in the release of riboflavin in urine. This phenomenon is used as an indicator of the severity of infectious disease.

    In addition, riboflavin metabolism is also affected by other liver abnormalities (cirrhosis, fatty degeneration, structural rebirths). Because the affected organ is "unable to accumulate nutrients, as a result, hypovitaminosis is gradually developing. Therefore, the use of vitamin B 2 is a clinically healthy solution.

    If the patient has gastrointestinal disorders (enterocolitis, anacid gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux, small bowel dysfunction), the disorder of natural vitamin absorption is impaired, the drug should be administered intravenously.

    Heart disease
    These pathologies in 95% of cases are accompanied by metabolic disorders in the myocardium. Vitamin B2, as part of complex therapy, helps normalize heart muscle metabolism because it stores the maximum amount of riboflavin.

    Pathology of the endocrine ring
    Increased thyroid function and Graves' disease increase the excretion of vitamin B2 by urine. Therefore, in the presence of these problems, it is advisable to take riboflavin supplementally. In addition, the excretion of substances with urine increases the pancreatic pathology, especially diabetes. Parenteral nutrition supplementation fills its deficit and causes short-term hyperglycaemia.

    An injury to the metabolism of riboflavin is also relevant to people suffering from Addison's disease. In this case, the outflow of the beneficial compound in the urine is reduced by a factor of 3. Therefore, along with vitamin B2, use the drug - deoxycorticosterone. The steroid hormone, acting on the adrenal cortex, stimulates riboflavin phosphorylation. As a result, the urinary excretion of the substance is normalized.

    dermatology
    Vitamin B2 is used in the treatment of streptococcal skin lesions, erythroderma, seborrheic eczema, exfoliative dermatitis, burns, photodiematosis.

    Ophthalmic diseases
    The processes of exchange in the eye occur with the participation of lactoflavin. Therefore, the presence of ophthalmic pathologies (primary glaucoma, transient cataract, corneal vascularization, noninfectious conjunctivitis, keratitis of unknown etiology) and functional visual impairments are direct indications for vitamin BH supplementation.

    In addition, nutrients are used in the treatment of migraine caused by eye strain. In the clinic of these diseases, riboflavin is used parenterally, orally and topically. For external use, the optimal form of release is eye drops (2%).

    In the obstetric clinic
    In pregnant women, in 80% of cases there is a reduced blood riboflavin concentration. This problem is especially important for working-age women who suffer from nipple cracks. Prophylactic nutrient intake during pregnancy helps prevent the development of mastitis and, in 4, reduces chest pain.

    How to take Vitamin B2? Expectant mothers (in the last trimester) are advised to inject portions of 20 milligrams daily, and women take 20 milligrams twice a day within one week after birth. ) It is advisable to combine thematic treatment with riboflavin ointment. To do this, apply the 20% solution to the lesion three times daily after feeding.

    In cosmetology
    Given the fact that lactoflavin is a vitamin "skin", without it a good complexion is impossible. Consumption of B2-containing products in combination with external use of riboflavin masks (1 once a week) leads to activation of oxygen transport in tissues and to improvement of capillaries. This reduces acne, improves complexion and speeds up the process of skin regeneration. Vitamin B2, essential for hair and nails, as it helps to normalize the metabolism of fatty acids.

    When choosing riboflavin cosmetics, it is important to carefully examine the brand's reputation and value. The production of high quality products containing a high concentration of the active substance is a time consuming and expensive process. Therefore, many companies, using a negligible amount of vitamin, hide the true composition of the drug. Exceptions are some professional brands that are favored by cosmetologists (Academie Scientifique de Beaute, Adonia Organics, Hysqia, Adina Cosmetics Professional, Beaubelle).

    Diseases of the newborn
    The definition of bilirubin in a child's blood is a direct indication of phototherapy. When exposed to light, besides destroying the toxin that causes jaundice, there is a natural breakdown of the vitamin BNUMUM. Therefore, the nutrient is included in the complex therapy of newborns. The daily supplement of riboflavin for children (2 to 0 months) is 6 milligrams.

    Weight loss
    Vitamin B2 is involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which regulate the body's metabolism. Therefore, for someone who wants to lose weight, this nutrient is a daily "helper". To increase your daily dose of riboflavin, your doctor should prescribe just that.

    Vitamin B2
    Vitamin B2
    Thus, Vitamin B2 or riboflavin is one of the most important water-soluble vitamins, the essence of "health and beauty", the coenzyme of most biochemical processes, the engine of the body in the processes of energy production in cells, the growth stimulant and the best assistant in treatment. neurological and eye diseases. The mixture plays a key role during the redox reactions, in the work of the heart, digestive and nervous system. Therefore, for the benefit of the individual, it is important to provide systematic (daily) intake of riboflavin in the body in the amount of the daily rate.
    The greatest amount of vitamin B2 is found in fresh milk, pine nuts , fresh meat.

    The presence of riboflavin-rich foods in the daily menu - a guarantee of good health for all family members.

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